Conducting Reference Checks/Verifying Credentials

The hiring manager or a member of the search committee must check professional references (on top 2-3 finalists) and verify credentials (degrees, licenses, certifications, etc.) prior to seeking approval to appoint a selected applicant. Reference checks should be conducted on your finalists AFTER the interview process so that you can objectively evaluate and validate their qualifications as presented during the interview process.  Degrees can be verified at website:

When conducting a reference check, officials are encouraged to talk with a former supervisor as well as former colleagues, peers, staff and other professional associates. A former supervisor can speak specifically to an applicant’s quality and quantity of work, reliability, potential problem areas, and specific job behaviors. It is recommended that hiring officials contact at least three past employers to find consistent trends in the applicant’s past performance. Calling several employers will also help balance the information received and guard against making a decision based on opinions or information that may not be factual.

It is important that the solicited information relates directly to the applicant’s ability to carry out the responsibilities of the job. It can be challenging to persuade the former employers to speak frankly about the candidate. ORS.30.178 protects current or former employers from civil liability when they, in responding to the request of prospective employers, disclose information about employees “in good faith”. “Good faith” is violated if the information is knowingly false or deliberately misleading, is rendered with malicious purpose, or violates any civil right of the former employees (such as disclosure of confidential medical information, or other protected information).

Managing the Conversation with a Professional Reference

  1. Identify yourself and the applicant and ask the reference if it’s a good time to talk.
  2. Briefly describe the position.
  3. Assure the reference that the information they provide will be held as confidential as the law allows.
  4. Confirm the dates of employment and the reference's relationship with the applicant.
  5. Verify the job titles, both formal and informal.
  6. Inquire about job-related skills, experience and performance. Ask open- ended questions.
  7. Discuss attendance records, including unexcused absenteeism and tardiness. Specific information, such as the average number of days absent (excused or unexcused) or tardy per month, may be the most helpful.
  8. Inquire about reason for termination. Although a human resources office can provide an official reason, a supervisor generally can provide a more thorough explanation.
  9. Ask about the possibility of rehire. A former employer’s reluctance to rehire should be a cause for concern. However, some firms have general policies prohibiting rehires. If this is the case, it should be noted.
  10. Seek information about disciplinary actions. It is important to know if the applicant was ever reprimanded or disciplined, and the reasons for this action.

Sample Questions

What is/was your relationship to (applicant)?

From what month and year until what month and year did you work with (applicant)?

Can you verify the position(s) he or she held?

Did you have the opportunity to observe (applicant) in his/her position as ***?

How would you describe his/her performance in this position?

If hired to work at OSU, (applicant) will be expected to work well in a diverse environment. Can you tell me, based on your past personal observations, how s/he would meet this expectation?

Describe (applicant) ability to take on and learn new tasks.

In what areas does (applicant) need additional development/improvement?

Describe (applicant) organizational/time management skills.

How much supervision did (applicant) require?

How would you compare the performance of (applicant) with that of others who have held the same job?

Describe (applicant) communication skills with customers/co-workers/supervisors.

What type of business correspondence did (applicant) compose?  Describe the quality of his/her writing including grammar, spelling and punctuation.

Please describe (applicant) work ethic in the context of tardiness, absenteeism, attitude, abuse of sick or vacation time, dependability, trustworthiness, or completion of assigned tasks.

Why did (applicant) leave your organization?

Would you hesitate to re-employ or work with (applicant) if you had the opportunity?

Is there any additional information that you feel we should have in considering (applicant) for employment?

The information received from a reference is a critical part of the evaluation of each applicant. If the reference raises any doubts, additional references and follow-up interviews with the applicant should be scheduled.  Information collected by a reference should be kept as confidential as the law will allow. The information received from a reference must be filed with the recruitment file, separate from employee's files.

Conducting Background Checks

Positions that are designated as critical, security-sensitive or safety-sensitive require the completion of a criminal history (background) check. This requirement must be included in the “Additional Required Qualifications” of the position description at the time a recruitment action is submitted through the Online Position Description and Recruiting System. Department/Unit administrators are required to identify those positions in which the incumbent is required to perform critical or security-sensitive work or requires a motor vehicle license.  Contact the appropriate Business Center Human Resources Office for addition information/instructions.

Critical or sensitive security positions are defined in Oregon Administrative Rule (OAR) 580-023-0010 .

Background Check Release Form

If a background or DMV check is determined to be appropriate for a position, only a candidate who has successfully passed the check may fill the position. The candidate selected by the department must complete a CONFIDENTIAL Criminal and Motor Vehicle Background Check Release Authorization Form and submit it to the Office of Human Resources. This form is accessible from the Oregon State Central Administrative Resources (OSCAR) home page at website: From the OSCAR home page, click on Downloadable Forms from the left menu. Upon receiving criminal and/or driving conviction information, the Office of Human Resources will determine if the recommended appointee is suitable for the position, based on the criteria developed, and communicates this information to the hiring manager.

Should the Office of Human Resources receive disqualifying information, the candidate may not be hired. If the results of the background check(s) are not conclusive due to unclear information, the Office of Human Resources will notify the hiring manager and contact the candidate directly to obtain further information before a decision is made.

Confidentiality: Only the following authorized university employees may review records and documents associated with a background check(s):

  • Vice Provost for Academic Affairs
  • Director of Human Resources
  • Director of Public Safety
  • Associate Director of Human Resources
  • Employment Services Manager
  • Employee Relations Officer

An appointee may NOT begin working in a new position until the background check process is completed with satisfactory results. No allowances are made regarding this requirement.

Strategic Staffing/Workforce Planning Staff List

Strategic Staffing/Workforce Planning - 122 Kerr | general email
Robbin Sim Robbin Sim Employment Program Manager 541-737-3203
Michele Spaulding Human Resources Officer 541-737-2645
Ed Austin Human Resources Consultant 541-737-4157
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For questions about a specific posting, refer to the “Special Instructions to Applicants” section of the posting for contact information.